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Organic cotton and conventional cotton, what's the difference?

Cotton is one of the most widely used natural fibers in the world, especially for clothing and textiles. However, not all cotton is grown and processed in the same way. There are two main types of cotton: organic and conventional. What are the differences between them and why do they matter?


Organic cotton is grown without the use of synthetic pesticides, fertilizers, or genetically modified seeds. It relies on natural methods such as crop rotation, composting, and biological pest control to maintain soil health and prevent pests and diseases. Organic cotton also requires less water and energy than conventional cotton, as it does not need irrigation or chemical inputs. .According to Textile Exchange, a non-profit organization that promotes organic and sustainable textiles, organic cotton was grown by more than 222,000 farmers in 19 countries on 588,425 hectares in 2019/20. The main producers of organic cotton are India (51%), China (17%), Kyrgyzstan (10%), Turkey (9%), and Tajikistan (6%). The main markets for organic cotton are Europe (40%), North America (24%), Asia (23%), and Latin America (13%).


Conventional cotton, on the other hand, is grown with the use of synthetic pesticides, fertilizers, and genetically modified seeds. These chemicals can have negative impacts on the environment, such as polluting water sources, degrading soil quality, and harming biodiversity. Conventional cotton also consumes more water and energy than organic cotton, as it requires irrigation and chemical inputs.


The differences between organic and conventional cotton also extend to the processing stage. Organic cotton is processed with natural or low-impact dyes and bleaches that are free of toxic substances. Conventional cotton is processed with harsh chemicals that can leave residues on the final product and pose health risks to workers and consumers.


But what are the benefits of organic cotton for you as a consumer? Here are some reasons why you should choose organic cotton for your clothing:


- Organic cotton is softer and more comfortable than conventional cotton. Because it is not exposed to harsh chemicals or bleaching agents, organic cotton retains its natural fibers and texture. It feels gentle and smooth on your skin, and does not cause irritation or allergies.

- Organic cotton is more durable and long-lasting than conventional cotton. Because it is not weakened by chemical treatments or excessive washing, organic cotton can withstand wear and tear better than conventional cotton. It does not shrink, fade, or lose its shape easily. It also resists wrinkles and pilling, making it easy to care for.

- Organic cotton is more breathable and moisture-wicking than conventional cotton. Because it has a higher thread count and finer weave, organic cotton allows air to circulate and sweat to evaporate more easily. It keeps you cool in the summer and warm in the winter. It also prevents odors and bacteria from building up in your clothing.

- Organic cotton is more eco-friendly and ethical than conventional cotton. By choosing organic cotton, you are supporting sustainable agriculture that protects the planet and its people. You are reducing your environmental footprint and your exposure to toxic substances. You are also promoting social justice and human rights for farmers and workers who produce your clothing.


In conclusion, organic cotton and conventional cotton have significant differences in how they are grown and processed. Organic cotton is more sustainable, ethical, and healthy than conventional cotton. By choosing organic cotton products, you can support the environment, the farmers, and yourself.


CH Cashmere offer organic cotton for your choice. You can choose 100% organic cotton yarn or cotton blend yarn, like cashmere and cotton blend, linen and cotton blend, merino wool and cotton blend, for your sweater. CH Cashmere factory will produce the sweater for you with your designs and brands





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