CH Cashmere is a knitwear supply chain. We work closely with various yarn factories to source the best material for our customers' preferences and specifications. Browse our yarn collection to find the perfect colour and material for your customise design...
CH Cashmere is more than just a knitwear wholesaler or knitwear factory. We are a knitwear supply chain -- a network of partners who share the same passion for quality, sustainability and innovation. We work closely with various yarn factories to source the best material for our customers' preferences and specifications, whether it is pure worsted cashmere, woolen wool blends, or recycled fiber. Our knitwear products are designed and manufactured with care and expertise, ensuring durability, comfort and style.
Worsted and woolen yarn are two types of yarn, with different properties and uses. Worsted yarn is made from long, straight fibers that are combed and twisted tightly to create a smooth, strong, and durable yarn, which is usually 48nm and above. Whereas woolen yarn is made from shorter, curly fibers that are carded and spun loosely to create a fluffy, soft, and warm yarn. which is 26nm and below.
The normal metric in between 26nm to 48nm are all considered to be semi-worsted.
Worsted yarn is suitable for knitting garments that require fine details, such as cables, lace, or ribbing.
Woolen yarn is suitable for knitting garments that provide insulation, such as sweaters, hats, or scarves.
Worsted Yarn Factory
Worsted yarn can be made from different kinds of wool, such as Merino, Shetland, or Cashmere, but they all have to be long and fine. The length of the fiber determines the quality of the yarn, as long fibers produce smoother and stronger yarns. The fineness of the fiber affects the softness and warmth of the yarn, as finer fibers trap more air and create more insulation.
The worsted yarn factory process starts with the raw material, which is usually wool or a blend of wool and other fibers, such as cotton, silk, nylon, or acrylic. The raw material is first washed and dried to remove any dirt, grease and impurities.
Then, it is carded, which means that it is passed through a series of metal rollers with fine teeth that separate and align the fibers. Carding also removes any short or weak fibers and creates a fluffy mass called roving.
The next step is combing, which is the key difference between worsted and woolen yarns. Combing further aligns the fibers and removes any remaining short or weak fibers, as well as any vegetable matter or foreign objects. Combing also makes the fibers parallel and uniform in length, resulting in a smooth and lustrous roving.
The combed roving is then drawn, which means that it is stretched and twisted to reduce its thickness and increase its strength. Drawing also helps to blend different colours of types of fibers together. The drawn roving is then spun into yarn, which involves twisting the fibers together to form a continuous strand. Spinning can be done by hand or by machine, depending on the desired thickness and texture of the yarn.
The final step is finishing, which involves washing, drying, steaming and winding the yarn into balls or skein. Finishing also adds any special treatments or coating to the yarn, such as dyeing, bleaching, mercerizing or superwash. Finishing enhances the appearance, performance and durability of the yarn.
Worsted yarn comes in a variety of weights, colours. textures and blends. The weight of the yarn refers to how thick or thin it is, and it affects how many stitches it can have per inch. Worsted weight yarn usually has a gauge of 16 to 20 stitches per 4 inches on US size 7 to 9 needles.
The colour of the yarn depends on whether it is dyed or natural. Dyed yarn can have solid, variegated or self-striping colours, while natural yarn can have undyed or heathered colours.
The texture of the yarn depends on how it is spun and finished. Some worsted yarns are smooth and even, while others are fuzzy or nubby. Some worsted yarns are plied, which means that they are made of two or more strands twisted together, while others are singles, which means that they are made of one strand. The texture of the yarn can affect the feet, drape and stitch definition of the garment. For example, smooth and even yarns are good for creating crisp and clean fabrics, while fuzzy or nubby yarns are good for creating cozy and warm fabrics.
Woolen Yarn Factory
Woolen yarn is soft, warm, elastic, and durable. It is widely used for making sweaters, scarves, hats, blankets, and other cozy items.
The first step of wool production is shearing, which is the process of cutting off the fleece from the sheep. SHearing is usually done once a year, in Spring or Summer, when the weather is warm enough for the sheep to cope without their wool. Shearing is done by skilled workers using electric clippers or hand shears. The fleece is then rolled up and packed into bales for transportation.
The next step is grading, which is the process of sorting the fleece according to its quality, colour, length, and fineness. Grading is done by trained experts who examine each fleece and assign it a grade based on its characteristics. The higher the grade, the more valuable the wool. Grading helps to ensure that the wool is suitable for its intended use and market.
The third step is cleaning and sourcing, which is the process of removing dirt, grease, sweat, and other impurities from the wool. Cleaning and scouring can be done by washing the wool with water and detergent, or by using chemical solvents. Cleaning and scouring makes the wool softer, lighter, and more hygienic.
The fourth step is carding, which is the process of combing and aligning the wool fibers into thin sheets called silvers. Carding is done by passing the wool through rollers that are covered with thousands of wire-like teeth. Carding helps to remove any remaining dirt and short fibers, and to make the wool more uniform and fluffy.
The fifth step is spinning, which is the process of twisting and drawing out the silver into continuous strands of yarn. Spinning can be done by hand or thickness machine. Spinning gives the yarn strength, elasticity, and fineness. The thickness and twist of the yarn can be adjusted according to the desired quality and appearance.
Woolen yarn is different from worsted yarn, which is made from fibers that are combed and spun in a way that creates a smooth, strong, and durable fabric. Woolen yarn is ideal fro knitting or crocheting garments and accessories that need to be cozy, such as sweaters, hats, scarves, and mittens. Woolen yarns also has a natural elasticity and resilience, which makes it easy to work with and shape.
Woolen yarn comes in various weights, colours, and textures, depending on the type and quality of the wool used and the spinning method.